Thursday, 8 September 2016

What is an IP Address and How to Find an IP Address

IP address is a common spoken term in the online world, but not many are aware about its real meaning. IP address is a concept of the modern computer technology that has changed the way the world functions.

Let us have a look at what is an IP address and how to find an IP address.

What is an IP address?

An IP address or Internet Protocol Address is like a fingerprint. It helps one computer communicate with another computer. Each computer, smartphones, tablets and any Internet enabled device has its own unique IP address. This IP address helps identify every individual device within a network.

There are two standards for IP address today. The IPv4 and IPv6. Most computers use the IP version 4 address. A few have started to use the new IP version 6. The IPv4 uses 32 binary bits to make a single unique address on a network. The address comprises of four numbers that are separated by dots, for example

In case of IPv6, it uses 128 binary bits and makes a single unique address on the network. It contains eight groups of hexadecimal numbers that are separated by colons, for example 3001:dfgh::5437:7896. If there is a group of numbers containing only zeros, it is often omitted and the gap is marked with a colon separator.

An IP address can be either dynamic or static. In case of dynamic IP address, it is active only for a limited period of time. Once the lease expires, the computer will be automatically assigned a new IP address on lease. A user usually configures the static IP address. However, this is a very rare address. Users mostly opt for dynamic IP address assigned by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). 

How to Find an IP Address?

If you are trying to lookup IP address of your computer, then you need to follow the steps below:

1.Click on Start menu and type Run. A new window will open up and you need to type ‘cmd’. Hit ‘Enter’.

2.A new window will open up and you need to type ‘ipconfig’. Hit ‘Enter’.

3.You will be able to see you IP address displayed in the window.

Another way to find you IP address is to Google your query. Just type ‘what is my IP address’ and you will be able to find your IP address online.

This is all about what is an IP address and how to find an IP address. An IP address is like the identity of your computer that helps distinguish your computer from other devices in a network.

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