Wednesday, 27 July 2016

How to Use Android Phone as Wi-Fi Hotspot?

Connecting your laptop with Internet on-the-go is quite a luxury for most of us. Today, most of use a smartphone with an active data connection. What if you could use your mobile internet connection to access Internet on your laptop?

Yes, it is possible with the help of the in-built Wi-Fi hotspot in your Android device.

Let us have a look at how to use Android phone as Wi-Fi hotspot.

Using Android Wi-Fi Hotspot

People using Android smartphones can turn their own phones into a portable hotspot device. You no longer need to invest in an additional Wi-Fi hotspot device.

Just make sure you have an active data plan on your phone. But keep in mind, the data limit on your phone may cap faster than you can imagine. Thus, make sure you use Android phone as Wi-Fi hotspot only during an emergency.
  • Go to Settings menu from the Home Screen.
  • Select Wireless & Networks and go to Tethering & Portable Hotspot.
  • Click on the box next to Portable Wi-Fi hotspot.
  • A new box will open that says Configure Wi-Fi hotspot.
  • Enter a new Network SSID name or use the default name if you wish.
  • Make sure you choose the Security as WPA2 PSK.
  • Enter a strong Password to keep you Wi-Fi hotspot secured.
  • Now, on your laptop, click on the network icon and select the Android network that appears in the list of Wi-Fi networks.
  • You will be asked to enter Security Key. You entered on your phone the password is the Security Key.

That’s all you need to do to use Wi-Fi Hotspot from Android phone on your laptop.

Friday, 1 July 2016

How to Configure the Router Using IP

The IP address is the default IP address for many home broadband routers as well as modems. These include Netopia/Cayman Internet gateways, Billion ADSL routers, Westell modems for Bellsouth, etc.

The is a private, IPv4 network. It is the gateway to access your router interface. It is very easy to change and reset the password of your router using

This IP address functions similarly to the IP address. You need to connect your computer to the router before you make any changes in the router interface. If there is no connection, you will not be able to make any changes. Unplug your modem connection and router device should be switched on during the process. You can use an Ethernet cable to establish a connection between the router and the computer.

How to Access the Router Admin Page Using

A default IP address is necessary to access a router interface. Thus, never forget the default IP address. If you do, you can check it out on the sticker placed on your router by the manufacturer. Before you access the router admin page, you need to switch off your modem.

Switch on the computer and connect it with the router using an Ethernet cable. Open a web browser on your PC and enter the IP address It will lead you to a router admin page.

The router admin page or router access page is password protected. You need to enter the default username and password to access the router interface.

The default username and password in most cases is admin. In some cases, the password field needs to be left blank. You can find the router default username and password on the sticker stuck to your router by the manufacturer. Click OK and log in to your router.

Once you gain access to the admin page, you need to look for WLAN. It will contain all the Basic menu options for your router.

You will land on the Wireless Configuration page and make sure your WLAN service is set on Enable. Enter a new name for your wireless network in the field that says ESSID.

Keep the Security Mode set at WPA2. Enter a password that is strong and cannot be easily hacked. Choose uppercase and lowercase alphabets, numbers and special characters in combination. Enter the new password next to WPA Shared Key.

Save you wireless network settings by clicking on Save Config and then click Apply.
This is all about how to configure the router using IP address. It is very easy to access and change the basic settings of your router using this default IP address.



What is the Difference Between Router, Hub and Switch?

You call home a technician for a technical issue. He explains the problems and uses the three terms router, hub and switch interchangeably. The catch? All through the conversation, he keeps pointing at just one device and talks about three! Don’t you feel confused and want to know more about what is the difference between router, hub and switch?

Read on and find out more about router, hub and switch.

What are Routers, Hubs and Switches?

Routers, hubs and switches are all computer-networking devices. They allow one or more devices to be connected to each other such as computers, networked devices, or any Internet-enabled devices, etc.

The difference lies in their functions. Even they are all integrated into a single device, the functions of router, hubs and switches remains different. Let us see what each device is used for and learn the difference between router, hub and switch.

What is a Router?

A router is used for connection two or more networks. It operates at Layer 3 (the network layer) in the OSI model. It helps maintain the tables that map the IP addresses to an outgoing interface. An Interface may consists of one or more ports.

What is a Switch?

A switch operates at the Layer 2 (the data link layer) of the OSI model. It helps maintain the forwarding tables that map the MAC addresses to physical ports. It is not necessary that the mapping is carried out on a one-to-one basis. Many MAC addresses can be assigned to the same physical port at a time. This scenario is possible when one has a multi-layer switched network or a hub that is connected to a switch.

What is a Hub?

A hub operates that the Layer 3 (the physical layer) of the OSI model. The hub can be unpowered, that is, provide just a simple physical connection to the existing signals. It can also be powered where it can regenerate and/or amplify the signal they receive. Hubs are not used much today due to its many drawbacks. It tends to give a poor performance by allowing only one user to transmit at a time as well as provides poor security features as anyone connected on the same hub can eavesdrop on what the other users are transmitting and receiving.

This was the simplest way to explain what is difference between routers, hubs and switches is. A switch helps provide additional ports to the router, thereby increasing its capability. A router takes the information from the modem or ONT and transmits it to the devices connected. And a hub transmits or broadcasts a frame (type of data) to every port connected to it. Hope now you can understand where the problem lies in case you need technical help for your Internet or Wi-Fi woes.