Monday, 1 February 2016

How to Configure a Wireless Network Step By Step

Configuring a wireless network is often the confusing part for many who have bought home a new router. There is nothing very difficult about setting up a home network yourself. You don’t need to call in an expert to help you set up the router.



We shall explain how to configure a wireless network step by step and make you set up your wireless router like a pro.


Configuring a Wireless Network Step by Step


The following instructions will help you set a wireless network easily.


 

Step 1


Connect your modem with the router using an DSL or Cable. Keep in mind, the modem needs to be turned off or unplugged before you begin the installation.

Step 2


Connect your router to your computer with another Ethernet cable.

Step 3


Turn on your modem and wait for about 2 minutes. Then, power on your router and wait for the LED lights on the modem to turn green.


 

Step 4


Open a browser window on your computer or laptop and enter the IP address of your router. The IP address will be printed on the router device itself or will be printed in the manual that accompanies with the device.

The default IP address is usually:

192.168.1.1,
192.168.0.1, or
192.168.2.1

Step 5


Enter the username and password to log into the router’s main settings page.

The default username and passwords are as follows:

Username – ‘admin’ and Password – ‘admin’
Username – ‘blank’ and Password – ‘blank’
Username – ‘blank’ and Password – ‘password’
Username – ‘admin’ and Password – ‘blank’
Username – ‘admin’ and password – ‘password’

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Step 6


After log in, you need to go to the Wireless settings tab. Enter a new SSID that is unique, as it will be displayed as your network name. Choose WAP-PSK (TKP) & WPA2-PSK (AES). Enter a unique more than 8-digit WPA-PSK password or passphrase. Choose a strong password that is 8 to 63 characters long and has a combination of upper/lower case alphabets, numbers and special characters.

Step 7


Click on Submit or Apply and save your settings. On your laptop scan for networks and choose your SSID. Enter the passphrase you saved and your laptop will be connected to the Internet wirelessly.

Step 8


Disconnect the Ethernet cable from the router and laptop/computer. Your device will be connected to your router wirelessly.

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This is all you need to do to configure a wireless network. This step by step procedure will help you complete the task within 15 to 20 minutes.

Read:

Wifi password

192.168.1.1 log in

192.168.0.1 admin  

How to Set Up Wireless Router

Setting up a wireless router is not equal to rocket science. It is a simple procedure which if followed properly will help you set up your wireless router within 15 minutes.



Setting Up Wireless Router

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You first need to invest in a new router. There are plenty of routers available online and you can compare different models to know which is the best for you. You may need a router with an antenna if you have a large house and need to cover more area. Whichever router you find best, make sure it supports 802.11n or Wireless-N. It is the best router available today that offers stable and speedy network.


After you bring home your wireless router, you need to connect it to your modem. This will help you share your broadband Internet connection with multiple devices simultaneously.

In order to connect your router with a modem, you need an Ethernet cable. Most routers come with an Ethernet cable. Use it connect the modem to the WAN/Internet port on the router.

Now, you will need one more Ethernet cable to connect at least one computer to the router. Once you setup wireless router, you can disconnect the Ethernet cable from the connected devices.


Configuring the Router


You need to switch on the router, modem and the computer. Then, open a browser and type in the IP address of your browser. The IP address will be printed on the packaging box of the router or in the manual that comes along with it. In many cases, the manufacturers print the IP address on the device itself.

Generally, the IP address of the router by default include:

  • 192.168.1.1,
  • 192.168.0.1, or
  • 192.168.2.1

Now, you will land on the router admin page. It will ask you for a username and password. The default will be printed on the device itself, or the box or the manual.
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The default generally includes:
  • Username – ‘admin’ and Password – ‘admin’
  • Username – ‘blank’ and Password – ‘blank’
  • Username – ‘blank’ and Password – ‘password’
  • Username – ‘admin’ and Password – ‘blank’
  • Username – ‘admin’ and password – ‘password’

Once you enter the router admin page, you need to choose the Wireless settings tab. You will need to enter a new SSID that is unique, as it will be displayed as your network name. Enter the number of devices that can connect to your router simultaneously. Choose WAP-PSK & WPA2-PSK as security. Enter TKIP +AES as the WPA encryption. This will ensure your device is protected from most hackers and intruders. Now, enter a unique more than 8-digit WPA-PSK password. Choose a strong password as it will ensure your device remains protected from eavesdroppers.

Click on Submit or Apply and your settings will be saved. Now, try and connect your computer to the Wi-Fi network. Just scan the network on your device, choose your Wi-Fi network SSID and enter the password you saved. That’s it. You can now connect with your broadband Internet connection wirelessly. Remove the Ethernet cable connecting the router and the computer.

This is all you need to know about how to set up a wireless router. Just follow these simple steps and with a little bit of common sense, you will be easily connecting wireless routers with your devices.

Read:

Wifi password

192.168.1.1 log in

192.168.0.1 admin  

How to Reset Router Password

Have you lost the password to access your router settings? Well, in this case, a simple process will help you reset your router password.


Let us learn how to reset router password on your router from the following instructions.

Resetting Router Password

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It is very important to reset the default password on your router. This is because using the default password may become a handy tool for hackers to hack into your router. All they need to do is just Google the default router password and hack into your router account. At times, you may change the default router password and forget the new password later on. In order to change and/or reset router password, please follow the general instructions given below that will be useful for any router model you own.


Before you carry out the hard reset of your router password, keep in mind:

  • The reset will cause your router username and password to revert to default.
  • It will change the W-Fi username and password
  • It will also change the ISP username and password
  • It may change any port forward you have set
  • Change all of the firewall settings you have carried out
  • All configuration settings you have made on your router.


This means resetting router password is a serious business and thus, carry out the following instructions only if you are sure of what you are doing.
  1. To reset the router password, you need to press the tiny button located at the back of the router.
  2. Use a pin or any pointed object to press the reset button for about 10 seconds.
  3. You will find all the lights on your router will flash simultaneously.
  4. Wait for a few seconds and let go of the router reset button.
  5. That’s it. Your router has changed back to the default factory settings and is as good as new.

Changing the Router Password after a Hard Reset

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  1. After the reset, you need to open the browser on your computer. Type the IP address of your router administration page.
  2. The IP address will be printed on your router or in the instruction manual that comes with your router. If not, you can Google and search for the default IP address for your router.
  3. Once the admin page opens you will be asked to login with your username and password.
  4. The default username is usually admin/administrator. The password is usually password/admin. In some cases, you may have to leave the password field blank.
  5. The default username and password is given in the instruction manual or printed on the router. You can even Google the model name and number of your router and find out the default login credentials.
  6. After you login, you need to visit the Administration page and change the router password.
  7. Make sure you also change the Wi-Fi name, password as well as add port forwarding and set up firewalls as it was before the reset. You can make changes accordingly, but make sure you change all the default for better security.
This is all about how to reset router password on your router. Just follow these general instructions and you can make changes to your router according to your preferences.

Read:

Wifi password

192.168.1.1 log in

192.168.0.1 admin  

How to Find Your Router IP Address

You need to configure a home router at times and for this, you need to visit the router’s administration page online. You need to login using the IP address of your router’s administration page.



Many of us non-techies never know what an IP address is. Thus, reaching the router’s administration page become a task in the first place.



This is the reason we are writing about how to find your router IP address so that you can configure your home router and make it more secure and personalized.


 

What is an IP Address of a Router?


Routers have a web-based interface and that is why you need to use a browser to access it. You will need to add the username and password after you enter the IP address of the router. This IP address consists of four digits that are separated by periods. They usually start with 192.168 and end with either 1.1 or 2.1.

Finding Your Router IP Address




There are many ways to find an IP address. And none of them are complex or require you to know technical tricks. Most of the routers have the IP address labelled or printed on the device. At times, the manual that comes along with the router contains the IP address.

It is important to note that the Windows OS refers to the ‘router’ as the ‘Default Gateway’. If you are a Mac user, it will call the ‘router’ as ‘Router’. The Chrome OS calls the ‘router’ as just ‘Gateway’. So, if you come across these terms do not get confused. They all mean the same thing, ‘Router’.

In case you cannot find the manual or no label is visible on the router, you can try the following tricks and find router IP address.

How to Find Router IP Address on Windows


Windows users can find their IP address by typing “ipconfig” in the Command Prompt. You will find Command Prompt in the Start Menu under Accessories. Once you type ‘ipconfig’, a black window will open up with loads of information. Here, you need to scroll and find the IP address, subnet mask and the default gateway. The ‘Default Gateway’ is the IP address of your router.

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Use this default gateway number to type into any browser and connect to the router administration page.

How to Find Router IP Address on Mac


Those who are Mac users can find the IP address by opening the Terminal app. Now, run the command ‘route –n get default’. You will find the values in ‘default gateway’.

Read:

Wifi password

192.168.1.1 log in

192.168.0.1 admin 

 

How to Find Router IP Address on Google


If nothing else works, Google is there to help. Just type the name of your router model in the search box and you will get all information related to the router, including the IP address.

This is all about how to find router IP address. It is very simple and easy to find your default IP address and configure your router according to your requirements.

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How to Retrieve Wi-Fi Password

A forgotten Wi-Fi password is not a new problem. It happens with everyone. Once you login from your computer through Wi-Fi several months ago, you forget the password when you need to connect another device.



You try to find the post-it note where you last wrote the password or the diary where it ought to be there. However, you cannot find it when you need it and at times it becomes an embarrassment. An embarrassment as your friend asks you for the password and you have to tell them you don’t remember. They might end up thinking you do not want to share your connection with them.

Luckily, there is a way to retrieve your Wi-Fi password. You don’t need to be a technical expert to retrieve your Wi-Fi password. All you need is to learn a few tricks to retrieve your password.
The following paragraphs will teach you how to retrieve Wi-Fi password.



How to Find a Forgotten Wi-Fi Password




It is quite easy to retrieve Wi-Fi password. All you need is a device that is connected to your Wi-Fi network.

Step 1


Switch on your computer or laptop that is connected to Wi-Fi network. In most cases, the PC or laptop connects to the Wi-Fi network automatically using the saved password. This is the same password that you have forgotten!

Step 2

Now right-click on the network icon on your taskbar and click Open Network and Sharing Center.

Step 3


Now, click on the Connections  and a new window called Wi-Fi Status will open.

Step 4



Here, click on the tab that says Wireless Properties. Another window with the name of your SSID will open up.

Step 5


On the new window that says Wireless Network Properties, click on the Security tab. Check the box that says Show characters. You will be able to see the password in the field Network security key.
This network security key is your forgotten password. Isn’t it simple to find your forgotten password? And you were worried about how to retrieve Wi-Fi password.

How to Retrieve Wi-Fi Password Using Router’s Configuration Webpage

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In case you do not have access to a device that has previously been connected to your Wi-Fi network, you can find your forgotten password by using this method. You need to open a web browser that is connected to your network.

Step 1


Open a browser and type the IP address of your router. It is mostly 192.168.1.1. You can even check out the default IP address of your router printed on the device.

Step 2


Enter the default username and password to open the router configuration page. Most default username and passwords are admin and password. In some cases, leave the username field blank and type password as the password.

Step 3

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Once you login, search for Wireless or Wireless setting option.

Step 4


Once you reach this page, search for security or wireless encryption setting. Here, you will find security key or network key, passphrase or network password. This is the password for your Wi-Fi connection.

There is no need to reset your password, if you are able to complete the above given simple steps. Just follow these instructions and you will be able to retrieve forgotten Wi-Fi password.

How to Secure Wireless Network

Using a wireless network connection helps you connect multiple device to the broadband connection simultaneously. It also keeps away the clutter of wires around the house that connect a device to the Internet.



However, one thing that worries every Wi-Fi user is keeping their connection secure. We shall see different ways on how to secure wireless network connection.

Steps to Secure Wireless Network






Connecting to an unsecured wireless network is like putting your hand in a nest of wasps. Not just unauthorized users but even hackers can cling to your network like leeches. In order to keep your access data private and prevent unauthorized users to carry on shady business on your network, you need to keep your connection secure with the help of encryption, limited access and password security.

The following steps will help you learn how to secure wireless network connection on your own.

1. Step 1




Access your router by visiting the router administration page. Enter default IP address of your router that is usually ‘192.168.1.1’. You will be asked for a default username and password. It is usually ‘admin’ as the username and ‘password’ as the password. In some cases, you may have to leave the username field bland and put ‘password’ as the password.

It is always better to change the default username and password of the router for better security. You can learn all about it in how to change router password.

2. Step 2


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The first thing to do is make sure you encrypt your network. It not just keeps intruders away from your network but also from eavesdroppers who want to catch your every move online. Encrypt not just the wireless router, but also every device that connects to your network.

Most of the time, the encryption is kept at WEP. It is the easiest form of encryption for any hacker to hack. It may keep away nosy neighbors, but will not be able to keep serious hackers away. Thus, keep you encryption at WPA2 that is the most secure encryption type.

3. Enabling MAC Filtering


Enabling MAC filtering will keep away all eavesdroppers away from your network. You can enable a white list of MAC addresses who can access your network. If any new user wants to use your network, then you will have to add their new MAC address to the list.

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4. Changing Passwords


Make sure you change the password of your SSID under the Wireless Settings. Use a password that is strong and hard to crack. Make use of alphabets, special characters and numbers in your password.

5. Change the name of SSID


Your wireless network will come with a default name such as ‘NETGEAR76’, etc. This makes it very easy for a hacker to know more about your device and hack into it. Thus, change the name of the SSID so that anyone who stumbles upon your network will not be able to figure out the make or model of your router.

6. Other Security Measures


Make sure your computer has anti-virus, anti-spam and anti-malware as well as firewall software installed. This will keep not just your computer protected from spyware but also keep your network secure.


These are the steps that will help you keep your wireless network secure. If you are not using your Wi-Fi, it is better to turn it off as it will keep you away from any susceptible attack.

Read:

Wifi password

192.168.1.1 log in

192.168.0.1 admin

Difference between LAN and WAN in Wireless Routers


If you are wireless router user, you would have come across terms such as LAN and WAN. At times WLAN may have also come across your daily computer use. 

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If you want to know the difference between LAN and WAN in wireless routers, let us have a look at the following information.


What is LAN?


LAN stands for Local Area Network. It includes all computers, smartphones, tablets, etc. that are connected in the same general location. 

This means all Internet enabled devices in the same office, home, single building, etc. The wireless LAN has a radius of wireless access point is some hundred feet. This distance can be extended by adding extra wireless access points to the network such as a Wi-Fi router, switch or a hub. In most cases, about 250 networking devices can be connected to a home or small business router. 



A LAN does not need a server. It is a simple setup of 2 or more computers linked together for sharing of files or software. 

There are 2 main speed standards for LAN ports. These include Ethernet that caps at 100Mbps and Gigabit Ethernet that caps at 1Gbps. In reality, the average speed of an Ethernet connection is about 8 Mbps and the Gigabit Ethernet connection clocks between 45 and 90MBps.


A LAN port on the router allows Ethernet-ready devices to connect with one another and share data. For these devices to get connected with Internet, one requires a WAN port. On some router, a WAN port is named as Internet port.


What is WAN?

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WAN is short for Wide Area Network. It     is a network that covers any large geographic area. This includes any city, state, country or even the world. The Internet can be considered as a type of WAN as it covers the entire world. 


If you have a look at your router, you will find the WAN port is separated from the LAN port. It is usually marked with a different colored port. The WAN port helps connect one to an Internet source like the broadband modem. Thus, it helps the router connect to the Internet and share it with all the other Ethernet-ready devices.


In simple terms, a WAN is a computer network that covers a broad geographic area over a long distance. However the speed of a WAN is less than a LAN, about 150 Mbps. A WAN uses MPLS, ATM, X.25 or Frame Relay for connection over long distances. 


Devices that are connected with WAN are often connected with the help of the telephone system. Leased lines or satellites can also help connecting a WAN. A WAN is owned and controlled under collective or distributed ownership and management.


Conclusion


From the above information related to the difference between LAN and WAN connection in wireless routers, you must have understood that LAN consists of less congestion and WAN includes more congestion. As LAN covers a small area, it is easier to maintain at a low cost. On the other hand, WAN maintenance is costly and difficult. Setting up a WAN in remote areas is costlier. 


A wireless router helps you share Internet and provides you with protection from others from stealing your network. A router uses the IP address provided from the ISP and serves as the mediator between the LAN and the Internet. This was all about the difference between LAN and WAN. The next time your tech guy tells you to connect your WAN cable to the port on the router, you will know which port to go for.


Read:

Wifi password

192.168.1.1 log in

192.168.0.1 admin